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Surprise rate hike boosts Australian dollar, yen hits 15-year lows


Yen sinks to 15-year low against euro, decimated by central bank divergence

Reserve Bank of Australia surprises with rate increase, lifting local dollar

All eyes on Eurozone inflation today, size of ECB rate hike hangs in balance

Yen gets scorched

The Japanese yen has taken heavy damage lately, hitting a fresh 15-year low against the euro this week. Momentum in euro/yen has been quite impressive, with the pair breaching the 150 psychological region with some force to extend the incredible post-pandemic trend.

At the heart of the yen’s downfall lies a classic case of central banks moving in opposite directions. With the Bank of Japan refusing to tighten policy while most other major central banks have been raising interest rates at warp speed, rate differentials continue to widen against the yen.

In essence the yen is acting like an escape valve as capital flows out of Japan, searching for higher returns abroad. Its losses against the euro have been especially bruising because the Eurozone has turned into an attractive investment destination, with the ECB rolling out a series of rapid-fire rate increases and local stock markets hovering near record highs.

Unless there’s another round of FX intervention, there isn’t much on the immediate horizon that can stop the yen’s downward spiral. The Bank of Japan does not meet again until mid-June and risk sentiment has stabilised with the banking episode fading into the rear-view mirror, further sapping demand for the safe-haven yen.

RBA surprises markets

Over in Australia, the Reserve Bank stunned investors earlier today by rolling out a surprise rate increase, resuming the tightening cycle it paused last month. Ahead of this event, market pricing assigned less than a 15% probability for the RBA to raise rates, but policymakers had other thoughts.

The RBA stressed that inflation is still far too high and kept the door open for more action if needed, although policymakers were careful to dial down their tightening bias. Markets currently see about a 50% chance for one final rate increase by the summer.

In the FX market, this surprise boosted the Australian dollar. That said, it is questionable whether there is scope for this rally to continue considering the sharp decline in iron ore prices and the deterioration in Chinese business surveys released over the weekend, both of which paint a gloomier picture for Australia’s export-heavy economy.

Eurozone inflation and US debt ceiling

Over in the euro area, the main event today will be the latest round of inflation releases. This data will be crucial in shaping expectations ahead of the ECB decision on Thursday.

While the market has concluded that the Fed will play its final rate-hike card this week, there is still a veil of uncertainty surrounding the ECB decision. Traders are ‘certain’ there will be a rate increase but have not settled on the size, with most bets favoring a smaller 25bps hike.

In other news, US regulators engineered a deal on Monday whereby JPMorgan Chase will absorb the assets of troubled First Republic Bank, calming concerns about any further contagion in the banking sector. The deal helped spread some cheer, lifting US yields and the dollar in the process, with some help from an encouraging ISM manufacturing survey too.

Stock markets were pretty much flat on Monday, paying little attention to Treasury Secretary Yellen who warned the US government might run out of cash by early June without a debt ceiling deal. The only market segment that has cared about this risk so far are short-term Treasury yields, but that might change as the ‘x-date’ draws closer.

On the earnings front, the show will continue today with Pfizer, AMD, Starbucks, and Uber releasing their quarterly results.

Source: https://www.xm.com/research/analysis/marketComment/xm/daily-market-comment-surprise-rate-hike-boosts-australian-dollar-yen-hits-15-year-lows-178678
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