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RBNZ cuts OCR to 2.75%, S&P downgrades Brazil, BoE meeting

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As expected, the Reserve Bank of New Zealand has cut the OCR by 25bps to 2.75% and left the door wide open for further easing as it claimed it will remain data dependent. The Central Bank revised downward its growth projection to around 2% from 3% in its June statement, arguing that “the economy is adjusting to the sharp decline in export prices, and the consequent fall in the exchange rate”. On a more positive note, Graeme Wheeler noted that growth was supported by “robust tourism, strong net immigration, the large pipeline of construction activity in Auckland and other regions”. As a result, the New Zealand dollar dropped 2.30% against the US dollar and is now trading around $0.6270. We were already bearish on the NZD and this dovish statement has only reinforced our view that the RBNZ wants to see a weaker Kiwi. On the data front, house sales jump 41.7%y/y in August, according to REINZ, after increasing 37.8% in July.

In a surprise move, Standard & Poor’s lowered Brazil’s long-term credit rating to junk, from BBB- to BB+, while maintaining a negative outlook. The New York based credit-rating agency argued that “The political challenges Brazil faces have continued to mount, weighing on the government's ability and willingness to submit a 2016 budget to Congress consistent with the significant policy correction signaled during the first part of President Dilma Rousseff's second term”. Traders will therefore price in the new information in USD/BRL today and it won’t be pretty as the move wasn’t anticipated so soon (S&P cut the outlook to negative on July 28th).

In the Asian session, stocks partially erase yesterday’s strong gains as mounting uncertainties about Fed’s next interest rate decision push traders to take their recent profits. The Shanghai Composite edges lower by 0.87%, while its tech-heavy counterpart, the Shenzhen Composite lost 0.28%. In Japan, the Nikkei 225 lost 2.51% of yesterday’s 7.71% gain while the Topix index falls 1.85%. Only the Kospi index from South Korea manages to stay in positive territory and rises 1.44%. In Australia, the S&P/ASX falls 2.42%, despite an encouraging job report. Unemployment rates fell to 6.2% in August from 6.3% in July as the economy created 17.4k jobs, beating expectations of 5k but below. The Australian dollar rebounded above the 0.70 threshold against the US dollar, erasing early session losses.

In Europe, equity futures follow the Asian lead with the Euro Stoxx 50 down -1.16%, DAX down -0.96%, CAC 40 down -1.10% and the SMI down -0.82%. In UK, the Footsie is down -0.93% while the sterling proves rather resilient given the disappointing data released yesterday. July’s industrial production contracted -0.4%m/m versus 0.1% median forecast while manufacturing production printed at -0.8%m/m versus 0.2% consensus. GBP/USD is grinding slower and lost 0.40% from yesterday’s high. The closest support stands at 1.5165 (low from September 4th) while on the upside, a resistance can be found at 1.5413 (high from September 8th).

***Yann Quelenn, Market Analyst: “It is likely that the Bank of England will leave its rate unchanged today. We believe that policymakers are not only considering domestic conditions but also global conditions. Markets are currently driven by the next U.S. Fed rate hike, China’s current turmoil and lingering low oil prices.

At the last BoE meeting one member voted “yes” for a rate hike, however, we think there is no reason for others members, at least for the time being, to vote favourably. Nonetheless, UK domestic conditions seem supportive of a rate hike. Only inflation remains of concern, which printed at 0.1% y/y in August. On the other side, retail sales currently stand at 4.2% y/y despite a minor setback in August. GDP is also on its way up with a read of 0.7% for Q2.

What’s really weighing on the minds of BoE members is that global growth and productivity remain low. The WTI is holding below $50 a barrel on fears of China’s slowdown and on the current OPEC oversupply. It is likely that this negative outlook will weigh on the decision to increase rates as the UK may be affected by a slower global economy. Therefore we think the BoE will sit tight and wait for more supportive domestic data before making any move. We expect the GBP to strengthen against the EUR in the medium term. However, it is likely that BoE minutes will provide some dovish comments which could provide some positive traction to the single currency.”***

Today traders will be watching: Inflation reports from Sweden and Norway; the interest rate decision from the BoE in UK; manufacturing production from South Africa; COPOM minutes, IPCA inflation from Brazil; new housing prices from Canada; import price index and initial jobless claims from the US.

Source: https://en.swissquote.com/fx
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